Theoretical Principles

1、Education Theory of Du Wei and Tao Xingzhi
Dewey and Tao Xingzhi’s education theories are significant in terms of moving educators away from the traditional “Teaching-Learning Approach” and had a great influence on the education theory and practice of our Kindergarten in 1930s. On the basis of the ideas proposed by Duwey-- “Education is life,” “School is Society,” and “Learn from Action,” -- Tao Xingzhi put forward the concepts: “Life is Education,” “School is Society,” and “Teaching, Learning and Doing are Integrated,” which influenced some of the ideas and practices of our Kindergarten in the 1990s.

2、Vygotsky’sEducation Theory
Vygotsky’sEducation Theory has a great influence on our Kindergarten in learning former Soviet Union period of the 1950s and 1960s and in Chinese education reform period after the 1990s.

3、Constructivism Theory Based on Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory
In the early 1990s, Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory influenced our Kindergarten in the form of “High Scope.” This theory and course promotes the development of open activity and resulted in the application of the concept “Children are active and capable learners.”

4、Montessori’s Education Method
Since the Kindergarten set up a Montessori Experimental Class in 1994, Montessori’s Education Method has been instrumental in influencing teaching at BNUK.(The Kindergarten Affiliated with National Peking Women’s Normal College, the predecessor of BNUK, set up two experimental classes in 1923.)

5、Reggio’s Education Mode
Reggio’s education mode influences the Kindergarten in the following ways: (1) Adopting flexible courses to encourage the children’s interests (2) Emphasizing the interaction between the children and their environment (3) Creating opportunities to encourage the children to express themselves in various ways (4) Using archives in the educational process, including the children’ growth files and the education files of the teachers.

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